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Rat and Mouse Control in the Greater Birmingham, Alabama Area

An infrared picture of a rat walking upside-down on a floor joist

Rid-A-Critter has high-tech infrared imaging equipment to help detect stealthy rodents.

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as pests in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. Rodentologists and public health biologists refer to these three species as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do. In other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same food as we do. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, have exquisite balance, and are skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

Squirrels and flying squirrels are also rodents, but are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife," not pests.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

In other words, rats and mice in a home aren't just a nuisance. They're a health threat. Keeping rats and mice out of your home, therefore, is an important part of protecting your family's health.

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

In fact, rats and mice are among the most significant public health pests. They are directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. Rats are also believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references associating rats with disease dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rodents control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in crawl spaces, and in bait boxes along runways to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning a non-target animal.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides can cause secondary toxicity, which means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. For example, if a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up Your Home. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying inside a wall or ceiling and causing odors and insect problems.

More Economical in the Long Run. Non-chemical rodent control system seals rats and mice out of your home, so once it's done, it's done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to replace the poison.

Rid-A-Critter specializes in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal up your home to keep rats and mice from getting in. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's a much better way of dealing with rodent problems than using poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

  • Screens installed on ventilation gaps in the brick foundation of a house in Hoover Alabama will help keep rats out of the crawl space.

    Rat-proofing screens on a house in Hoover

  • Rats badly tore apart the siding above the deck at a house in Hoover Alabama

    Rat damage to a house in Hoover

  • All but three of the vertical slats of a foundation vent on a house in Anniston Alabama are missing which allowed rats to get into the crawl space

    How rats got into this house in Anniston, Alabama

  • Lifted shingle reveals a gap at the top of the siding that needs to be closed up and re flashed to keep mice out of the attic of a Birmingham Alabama home.

    Mouse gap into the attic of a Birmingham home

  • Rats got into the house through a gap between the sheathing and the sill plate

    Roof rat entry gap in Birmingham

  • Almost all the mortar is missing from the brick chimney of a house in Leeds Alabama which created gaps between the bricks that allowed roof rats into the attic.

    Rat gaps in the chimney of a house in Leeds

  • Daylight coming into the attic of a house in Hoover Alabama through a hole chewed by a roof rat

    Roof rat entry hole in an attic in Hoover

  • Roof rat gnawed a semicircular hole through a metal rain gutter and the wood behind it at a house in Hoover Alabama

    Roof rat damage to a rain gutter in Hoover

  • Rats gnawed on air conditioning pipes going through brick wall into house

    Rat damage to air conditioning in Birmingham

  • Technician on his knees near the sink sealing rats out a commercial kitchen grease trap in Birmingham Alabama

    Sealing rats out of a restaurant in Birmingham

  • Gap between the sheathing and the siding under the bay window allowed mice into the house

    Mice were getting in under the bay window

  • Man lying on the dirt floor of a crawl space in Hoover Alabama sealing Norway rats out of the crawl with an aerosol sealant

    Rat-proofing the crawl of a house in Hoover

  • Damaged screen in a basement vent that allowed rats into a home in Birmingham

    Entry hole at Birmingham rat extermination job

  • Roof rats gnawed a hole in the gap between the roof sheathing and fascia of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Roof rat damage to a house in Birmingham

  • Young rat walking into the garage of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Young rat getting into a garage in Birmingham

  • Suspended sewer pipe with rat rub marks on it passing through an opening in a block wall in the basement of a building in Sylacauga Alabama.

    Rats were running along the pipes in Sylacauga

  • Rats gnawed up papers stored in an attic in Birmingham

    Rat damage to stored papers in Birmingham

  • Rat hole by a ceiling in a house in Moody, Alabama showing rat rub marks

    Moody, Alabama rat extermination job

  • The screen at the lower right corner of the gable vent has a hole through which roof rats got into the attic

    Roof rats were getting in through the gable vent

  • Do-it-yourself rat control attempt using canned foam around a pipe chase

    DIY rat control in Birmingham didn't go well...

  • Rectangular hole in the siding about an inch across and two inches high with rub marks around it from rats using it to get into an Oxford Alabama home.

    Roof rat hole in the siding of an Oxford home

  • Roof rat droppings and a nest made of leaves in the eave of the attic of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Rat nest in the attic of a house in Birmingha

  • Rat entry hole through air conditioner pipe access in Birmingham AL

    Rat entry at Birmingham, AL rat extermination job

  • Improperly-done DIY rat control job in Moody, Alabama left a hole

    DIY rat control attempt in Moody, Alabama

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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Happy Friday!! Hope everyone has a wonderful weekend!
by Amber A.
May 14, 2021 06:04:38 pm.

I think there was more animal activity outside then inside today! If they get in, we can get them out!
by Amber A.
May 13, 2021 06:10:20 pm.

Cooler weather coming in means the animals coming in! We can help! :)
by Amber A.
May 11, 2021 06:58:32 pm.

Roof Rats Gnawing on the Plumbing Flooded a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
May 11, 2021 10:11:16 am.

Here's What Happens When a Trainee Drops His Cell Phone Inside a Wall
by Webmaster
May 04, 2021 10:23:55 am.

What a Monday! Hope everyone stays safe out there!
by Amber A.
May 03, 2021 06:03:57 pm.

Happy Friday! I hope everyone has a fabulous weekend!
by Amber A.
Apr 30, 2021 06:13:44 pm.

A rat-removal team from our Birmingham office is trapping and removing roof rats from the attic of a house in Hoover, Alabama. They'll also rat-proof the house and repair the damage the rats did to the roof and attic.
by Webmaster
Apr 27, 2021 08:55:47 am.

Chris found rat droppings in the drop ceiling of a commercial building in Anniston, Alabama. We're sending a craw to non-chemically trap and remove the rats, and seal the roof of the building to rat-proof it.
by Webmaster
Apr 26, 2021 09:09:43 am.

An Open Drain Pipe Allowed Rats into a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Apr 22, 2021 10:06:10 am.

The Roof Rats Damaged Books Stored in the Attic of a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Apr 22, 2021 09:48:11 am.

A crew from our Birmingham office is screening vent openings in the brick foundation of a house in Hoover, Alabama to make the house rat-proof.
by Webmaster
Apr 21, 2021 10:13:56 am.

We have a non-chemical rat control team setting traps to catch and remove Norway rats from the basement of a house in Birmingham, Alabama. They're also rodent-proofing the foundation to prevent future rat and mouse infestations.
by Webmaster
Apr 21, 2021 10:02:38 am.

Heading to alabaster Alabama today to deal with some rats πŸ€
by James G.
Apr 19, 2021 08:47:25 am.

Heading to alabaster Alabama today Rats πŸ€ taking over the house, Eviction notice will be served today! Happy Friday!
by James G.
Apr 09, 2021 10:18:38 am.

Hope everyone stays safe from the storms. Listen out for animals, they might be taking shelter too!
by Amber A.
Mar 17, 2021 05:45:47 pm.

A homeowner found droppings and shredded paper in the attic. Turns out there are roof rats living up there. We're sending a crew to non-chemically remove the rats and seal them out of the Homewood, Alabama home.
by Webmaster
Mar 16, 2021 10:33:20 am.

We have rat-removal technicians non-chemically trapping and removing roof rats from the attic of a house in Birmingham, Alabama. They'll also seal the roof to keep rats and other animals out of the attic.
by Webmaster
Mar 16, 2021 10:24:19 am.

Today is a wonderful day to call Ridacritter for all of your nuisance animal exclusion needs! We cover rats, mice, squirrels, raccoons, and more!
by Jake A.
Mar 12, 2021 02:54:13 pm.

Warm weather brought out calls for several animals today! From Snakes, to squirrels, mice and bees!!
by Amber A.
Mar 10, 2021 07:41:48 pm.

Rats, mice and squirrels today. Wildlife repairs with trapping. Animal exclusion needed call us for a free quote.
by Jason Arruda
Feb 25, 2021 10:58:52 am.

Our Birmingham office has a rat-removal crew sealing under the deck to keep Norway rats out of a house in Hoover, Alabama. They'll also non-chemically catch and remove the rats that are already in the crawl space.
by Webmaster
Feb 25, 2021 10:27:31 am.

Heading to Bessemer Alabama Trapping some πŸ€!
by James G.
Feb 24, 2021 08:43:33 am.

Today we're starting a roof rat removal job at a house in Birmingham, Alabama. We'll be non-chemically trapping and removing the rats from the attic, and animal-proofing the roof to keep rats and other critters out.
by Webmaster
Feb 19, 2021 09:49:25 am.

Technicians from our Birmingham office are on their way to a non-chemical Norway rat removal and rat-proofing job at a house in Hoover, Alabama. We treat rat problems entirely non-chemically, using no poisons at all.
by Webmaster
Feb 19, 2021 09:43:35 am.

Rainy all over Georgia it seems like. Hard for us to keep dry when we’re determined to evict the animals and seal to keep them out. In Albany Ga now for a couple quotes and then to Zebulon Ga for another quote for squirrels removal. Be safe
by Jason Arruda
Feb 18, 2021 11:10:35 am.

We have technicians sealing the foundation of a house in Birmingham, Alabama to keep Norway rats out of the crawl space. The rats were getting in through a gap in the foundation where pipes were passed through.
by Webmaster
Feb 08, 2021 10:00:59 am.

Back to Tuscaloosa today To finish up the eviction on the πŸ€ πŸ€ πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š
by James G.
Feb 04, 2021 08:44:43 am.

Keep a look out for your downspouts, squirrels love to chew into them if you have covers on the bottom. It’s baby season, so don’t hesitate to call Ridacritter today!
by Jake A.
Feb 03, 2021 03:13:57 pm.

Headed over to Albany Georgia for a quote to exclude squirrels.
by Jason Arruda
Feb 02, 2021 11:44:36 am.

Give Ridacritter a call for any of your nuisance animal needs. From Bats, to Bees, Squirrels, to Rats, Ridacritter solves all of your problems. Call for an exclusion today!
by Jake A.
Jan 30, 2021 10:25:50 am.

Heading to Alabaster Alabama this morning Rats in crawlspace πŸ€ . πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š
by James G.
Jan 27, 2021 08:42:47 am.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, Warrior, and their surrounding areas.

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