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Rat and Mouse Control - Greater Birmingham, Alabama

Commensal Rodent Species Common in Alabama

An infrared picture of a rat walking upside-down on a floor joist

Rid-A-Critter has high-tech infrared imaging equipment to help detect stealthy rodents.

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as "pests" in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, and skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb very well when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

(A few other rodents, such as squirrels and flying squirrels, are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife.")

Rodent exterminators and public health biologists refer to the roof rat, Norway rat, and house mouse as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do, or in other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same stuff as we do.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

Public Health Importance of Rat and Mouse Control

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

Rats and mice are among the most important public health pests, being directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. In fact, the rat is believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Rid-A-Critter is a bit unusual in that we specialize in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal them out permanently. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's an entirely different way of dealing with rodent problems than most people are familiar with. We believe that it's also a much better, more modern way of handling rodent problems.

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rat control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in bait boxes along runways, etc. to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning some animal that you didn't want harmed, such as a pet or another non-target animal.

Our Rodent Control Methods are Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides exhibit something called secondary toxicity, which basically means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. So if, for example, a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well. Our non-poisonous rodent control system eliminates that risk.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up the Place. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying and rotting away inside a wall or ceiling.

Long-Term Money Savings. Our non-chemical rodent control system is designed to make your house rodent-proof, meaning that once it's done, it's really done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to refill the poison bait stations -- for the rest of your life.

In short, our unique, non-chemical rodent control system is safer, more environmentally friendly, and more permanent than old-fashioned rat and mouse extermination methods that rely on poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

Rat and Mouse Extermination Pictures:

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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Video Shows how Rats Chewed Their Way In Through the Dryer Vent
by Webmaster
Nov 16, 2018 07:15:09 am.

Video of Rat Holes in the Foundation of a House
by Webmaster
Nov 12, 2018 10:31:30 am.

Our Heartfelt Thanks to All Our Veterans and Service Members, Past and Present
by Webmaster
Nov 09, 2018 06:10:15 am.

Here's a Common Way that Rodents Get Into Houses
by Webmaster
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Picture of Tim Removing a Dead Animal from a Chimney
by Webmaster
Oct 31, 2018 12:39:47 pm.

Pictures of Rat Damage to Items Stored in an Attic in Birmingham
by Webmaster
Oct 26, 2018 09:56:53 am.

Norway Rats Got Into a House Around the Gas Pipe
by Webmaster
Oct 24, 2018 10:29:42 am.

Very Inviting Rat Entry Hole in a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Oct 12, 2018 09:30:20 am.

Now Here's Something Different: Rat Damage to a Baseball in Heflin
by Webmaster
Oct 10, 2018 10:34:36 am.

Norway Rats Got Into this House through the Air-Conditioning Lines
by Webmaster
Oct 09, 2018 10:59:19 am.

Norway Rats Chewed Through a Crawl Space Door
by Webmaster
Oct 09, 2018 10:53:59 am.

Norway Rats Were Using an Old Dryer Duct to Get Into a House
by Webmaster
Oct 05, 2018 10:39:56 am.

Tim Found a Surprise in the Attic of the Kramden Home
by Webmaster
Oct 05, 2018 10:34:32 am.

Here's a Rat Hole in a Crawl Space Door in Talladega
by Webmaster
Oct 04, 2018 11:31:05 am.

Norway Rats Gnawed Through a Crawl Space Door
by Webmaster
Oct 02, 2018 10:20:35 am.

Carl Found Rat Damage in the Crawl Space of a House
by Webmaster
Oct 02, 2018 10:18:05 am.

Rare Example of Stone-Age Rat Proofing
by Webmaster
Sep 27, 2018 09:03:58 am.

Fortunately, Rid-A-Critter Can Handle Big or Small Animal-Control Jobs
by Webmaster
Sep 25, 2018 10:23:53 am.

Here's a Rat Nest in the Attic of a House in Birmingham
by Webmaster
Sep 24, 2018 10:55:08 am.

This Was the Roof Rat Entry Gap in a House in Hoover
by Webmaster
Sep 20, 2018 08:58:29 am.

Video of an Unusual Rat Entry Point
by Webmaster
Sep 18, 2018 10:36:08 am.

Hungry Snakes Followed the Rats into the Attic
by Webmaster
Sep 18, 2018 10:32:43 am.

Video of a Failed DIY Rat Exclusion Attempt
by Webmaster
Sep 18, 2018 10:21:10 am.

This Shoddy Flashing Led to a Roof Rat Problem
by Webmaster
Sep 17, 2018 10:48:14 am.

Tim Discovered Rat Damage to Electrical Wiring and Wood
by Webmaster
Sep 14, 2018 07:59:40 am.

Short Video of Roof Rat Damage in an Attic
by Webmaster
Sep 14, 2018 07:28:49 am.

Video of Sealing Rats Out of a House
by Webmaster
Sep 13, 2018 09:06:51 am.

The Rats Were Getting In Through a Gap in the Roof Junction
by Webmaster
Sep 12, 2018 10:33:29 am.

Pesky Roof Rats Gnawed through Metal Gutter Covers
by Webmaster
Sep 11, 2018 07:23:23 am.

Serious Rat Damage to the Insulation in a Crawl Space
by Webmaster
Sep 10, 2018 11:18:48 am.

Serious Roof Rat Damage to Metal Gutter Covers
by Webmaster
Sep 10, 2018 11:04:25 am.

Chris Sent a Picture of a Black and Yellow Garden Spider
by Webmaster
Sep 04, 2018 10:53:34 am.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, and their surrounding areas.

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