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Rat and Mouse Control in the Greater Birmingham, Alabama Area

An infrared picture of a rat walking upside-down on a floor joist

Rid-A-Critter has high-tech infrared imaging equipment to help detect stealthy rodents.

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as pests in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. Rodentologists and public health biologists refer to these three species as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do. In other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same food as we do. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, have exquisite balance, and are skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

Squirrels and flying squirrels are also rodents, but are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife," not pests.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

In other words, rats and mice in a home aren't just a nuisance. They're a health threat. Keeping rats and mice out of your home, therefore, is an important part of protecting your family's health.

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

In fact, rats and mice are among the most significant public health pests. They are directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. Rats are also believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references associating rats with disease dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rodents control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in crawl spaces, and in bait boxes along runways to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning a non-target animal.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides can cause secondary toxicity, which means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. For example, if a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up Your Home. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying inside a wall or ceiling and causing odors and insect problems.

More Economical in the Long Run. Non-chemical rodent control system seals rats and mice out of your home, so once it's done, it's done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to replace the poison.

Rid-A-Critter specializes in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal up your home to keep rats and mice from getting in. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's a much better way of dealing with rodent problems than using poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

  • Gap between the roof sheathing and the fascia allowed roof rats to get into a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Roof rat entry gap in Birmingham

  • A refrigerant line for an air conditioner hung from the joists a basement. The insulation has been gnawed away by mice.

    Mice increase cooling costs by gnawing insulation

  • Rat smudge lines next to cable TV lines passing between the gap in a soffit panel

    Rat smudge marks by cable lines

  • Hole in the lower right corner of the weathered plywood door allowed mice into the crawl space of a house in Hoover Alabama

    Mouse hole into a crawl space in Hoover

  • Roof rat hole behind the skewed shingles on a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Roof rat hole in a house in Birmingham

  • A Norway rat burrow going under the brick wall of a house in Hoover, Alabama

    Norway rat burrow outside a house in Hoover

  • Gap between the sheathing and the siding under the bay window allowed mice into the house

    Mice were getting in under the bay window

  • Rats chewed a hole into the roof of a house in Hoover Alabama starting with the existing gap between the roof sheathing and the fascia board

    Roof rat hole in a house in Hoover

  • Mice gnawed a hole through the lower right hand corner of the screen behind the foundation vent

    Mice gnawed through the screen in Bryant

  • Greasy rat rub marks on a pipe in an attic at a rat control job

    Rat rub marks found at an attic rat control job

  • Man crouching under the deck of a house in Birmingham Alabama using a cordless screwdriver to attach a plywood panel to the foundation to seal mice out of the house

    Mouse-proofing a house in Birmingham

  • Mouse in a washing machine among the clothing looking up at the camera

    Mouse in a washing machine

  • Gap between the stones of the exterior wall of a house in Birmingham Alabama needs to be sealed to keep rats out of the house.

    Rat gap into a stone house in Birmingham

  • Homeowner attempt at do-it-yourself rat control using a license plate

    Do-it-yourself rat control didn't quite work out

  • Rat dropping on the counter and stacked paper napkins in the storage room of a snack bar at an athletic field

    Rat droppings in snack bar of an athletic field

  • Mice used the space around an electrical ground wire to get into a house

    Mouse hole around an electrical ground

  • Two rat turds on a joist surrounded by dirty insulation in the unfinished attic of a house in Vestavia Hills Alabama

    Rat droppings in an attic in Vestavia Hills

  • Light shining through the eaves of an attic from the inside revealing the gap through which roof rats got into the house

    Inside view of a rat entry gap

  • There is enough space in a pipe opening in the exterior brick wall for rats to get through

    Rat entry point into a house in Birmingham

  • Many, many rat dropping in the carpet under a wooden chair at a house with a serious rat infestation

    Rat droppings at a seriously-infested house

  • Rat droppings in the insulation in the attic of a house in Bryant Alabama

    Rat droppings in the attic of a house in Bryant

  • Rats badly tore apart the siding above the deck at a house in Hoover Alabama

    Rat damage to a house in Hoover

  • Hole in the brick wall with several pipes and wires passed through it also allowed mice to get into a house in Hoover Alabama

    Mouse entry gap into a brick house in Hoover

  • Rat entry hole around utility chase in the wall of a house in Bessemer AL

    Rat hole in the wall of a house in Bessemer

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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We're repairing a brick chimney at a house in Leeds, Alabama to keep roof rats out of the attic. Most of the mortar in the chimney has eroded away, exposing huge gaps that the rats used to get into the attic.
by Webmaster
Sep 24, 2020 09:52:34 am.

Norway Rat Hole in the Basement of a Commercial Building in Birmingham
by Webmaster
Sep 23, 2020 09:25:57 am.

We Found a Norway Rat Burrow in the Crawl Space of a House in Birmingham
by Webmaster
Sep 16, 2020 09:53:26 am.

Headed down south today to Albany Ga to give a quote for a bat exclusion. Animals in the attic scratching and bats are keeping the customers up at night. Time for us to step in.
by Jason Arruda
Sep 10, 2020 09:42:30 am.

We have a team sealing the gaps in a stone wall of a house in Birmingham, Alabama to keep rats out of the house. Stone houses often need to be rat-proofed when the mortar between the stones falls out.
by Webmaster
Sep 02, 2020 11:06:18 am.

We're busy closing the gaps around the roof of a house in Birmingham, Alabama to keep roof rats out of the attic. The rats that were already up there have already been non-chemically trapped and removed.
by Webmaster
Sep 01, 2020 10:35:36 am.

We Found a Roof Rat Nest in the Attic of a House in Vestavia, Alabama
by Webmaster
Sep 01, 2020 10:32:51 am.

We have a crew headed out to a rat-proofing job at a house in Birmingham, Alabama. We'll trap and remove the rats from the attic, and seal the roof to keep rats and other critters out.
by Webmaster
Aug 28, 2020 09:32:15 am.

Our Birmingham office has technicians on their way to trap and remove roof rats from the attic of a house in Vestavia, Alabama.
by Webmaster
Jul 10, 2020 10:51:47 am.

Jason's Crew Cleaning Up After Rats at a Seed Laboratory
by Webmaster
Jun 26, 2020 10:54:10 am.

Jason and Justin Deodorizing an Attic After Animal Removal
by Webmaster
Jun 24, 2020 10:10:29 am.

Roof Rats Damage the Wiring in the Attic of a House in Vestavia Hills, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 23, 2020 10:11:40 am.

This Shoddy Flashing Allowed Rats into the Attic of a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 22, 2020 10:31:16 am.

A homeowner found rat droppings in the attic of their house in Vestavia Hills, Alabama. We have an inspector on his way to come up with a plan to remove the rats and keep them out of the attic.
by Webmaster
Jun 22, 2020 10:26:30 am.

Later today, our Birmingham office will be sending a team of technicians to seal rats out of the attic of a house in Leeds, Alabama.
by Webmaster
Jun 17, 2020 04:19:22 am.

This Damaged Vent Allowed Rats into a House in Anniston, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 10, 2020 10:11:47 am.

Roof Rat Burrows Through the Attic Insulation at a House in Helena, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 08, 2020 10:20:49 am.

Video of Non-Chemical Rat Control in a Crawl Space in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 05, 2020 05:44:09 am.

This was How Norway Rats Got into this House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 02, 2020 10:18:05 am.

Starving Norway Rats Chewed their Way into a Pet Food Storage Container
by Webmaster
May 28, 2020 10:04:30 am.

News: CDC Warns that COVID-19 Lockdowns are Making Rats and Mice More Desperate
by Webmaster
May 27, 2020 09:43:37 am.

We're on our way to trap and remove Norway rats from the crawl space of a house in Hoover, Alabama, and seal the foundation of the house to keep them out.
by Webmaster
May 20, 2020 10:00:16 am.

Here's a Night Vision Video of a Trap-Shy Rat in an Attic
by Webmaster
May 18, 2020 10:05:03 am.

Norway Rats Caused a Water Leak in a Crawl Space
by Webmaster
May 13, 2020 10:49:55 am.

Video of Non-Chemical Rat Control in a Crawl Space in Americus, Georgia
by Webmaster
May 13, 2020 10:41:17 am.

Another rat filled day in Alabama. Have 2 rat exclusions in Birmingham before I head to a rat removal in Anniston later today.
by Jason McFarland
Apr 30, 2020 10:43:52 am.

Video of Justin Sealing Rats and Mice Out of a Loading Dock
by Webmaster
Apr 30, 2020 10:02:16 am.

We have a crew on their way to seal Norway rats out of the crawl space of a house in Birmingham, Alabama.
by Webmaster
Apr 15, 2020 11:16:24 am.

Noises in your attic? We can help in certain case we can seal and remove animals from your home with no personal contact.
by Dean Scott
Apr 02, 2020 11:16:28 am.

From our family to yours we wish you good health and safety. During this uncertain time related to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, we want to assure you as a approved business for essential Services. Rid-A-Critter remains open. Thanks
by Jason Arruda
Mar 27, 2020 03:07:31 pm.

Bees and bugs are flying in Birmingham. Spring is here, bats, squirrels and birds will be getting active.
by Dean Scott
Mar 19, 2020 12:39:50 pm.

Pile of Rat Droppings and Urine in the Attic of a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Mar 19, 2020 10:42:21 am.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, Warrior, and their surrounding areas.

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