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Rat and Mouse Control in the Greater Birmingham, Alabama Area

Young rat in a cage trap facing the camera after being trapped and removed from a house

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as pests in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. Rodentologists and public health biologists refer to these three species as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do. In other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same food as we do. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, have exquisite balance, and are skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

Squirrels and flying squirrels are also rodents, but are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife," not pests.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

In other words, rats and mice in a home aren't just a nuisance. They're a health threat. Keeping rats and mice out of your home, therefore, is an important part of protecting your family's health.

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

In fact, rats and mice are among the most significant public health pests. They are directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. Rats are also believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references associating rats with disease dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rodents control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in crawl spaces, and in bait boxes along runways to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning a non-target animal.

Organic Rat and Mouse Control is Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides can cause secondary toxicity, which means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. For example, if a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up Your Home. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying inside a wall or ceiling and causing odors and insect problems.

More Economical in the Long Run. Non-chemical rodent control system seals rats and mice out of your home, so once it's done, it's done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to replace the poison.

Rid-A-Critter specializes in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal up your home to keep rats and mice from getting in. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's a much better way of dealing with rodent problems than using poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

  • Gap under the garage door and at the bottom of the door trim with some mouse droppings on the saddle at a house in Hoover Alabama.
    Entry gaps at a Hoover mouse control job
  • A Norway rat home in the top of a crawl space door in Irondale, Alabama
    Norway rat hole in crawl space door in Irondale
  • Mice climbed up the air-conditioning pipes and through a gap where they passed through the siding to get into a house in Trussville Alabama.
    Mouse gap through the siding in Trussville
  • Rats got into a Birmingham home through the gap around a pipe as it passed through the brick exterior wall
    Rat entry point into a house in Birmingham
  • Rat damage to a sewer pipe found at a Birmingham rat extermination job
    Rat damage to a sewer pipe in Birmingham
  • Fuse box of a car with wires gnawed by mice and mouse droppings and debris in the circuitry
    Mouse damage to a car's electrical system
  • Mice gnawed a dime sized hole through a corroded foundation vent screen to get into the crawl space of a house in Birmingham Alabama.
    Mice gnawed through a vent screen in Birmingham
  • Rats gnawed a silver dollar sized portion of the covering off a baseball stored in the attic of a house in Heflin Alabama
    Rats gnawed on this baseball in Heflin
  • Missing screen behind a metal foundation vent recessed in a well will have to be replaced as part of a Vestavia Hills Alabama mouse control job.
    How mice got into this Vestavia Hills home
  • Gap in the foundation where air conditioning pipe was passed through allowed mice into a house in Birmingham Alabama
    Mouse entry gap into a house in Birmingham
  • Pest control technician on his knees sealing under a garage door to keep mice out of a house in Birmingham Alabama.
    Mouse-proofing a garage in Birmingham
  • Gap around pipes and wires where they pass through a fist sized hole in the siding needs to be sealed as part of a Vestavia Hills Alabama Norway rat control and exclusion job.
    Man-made rat hole into a house in Vestavia Hills
  • Rats gnawed the insulation off electrical wires in an attic in Birmingham, Alabama
    Rat damage to electric wires in Birmingham
  • Rat prints in the dirt in a crawl space
    Rat prints in a crawl space
  • Two inch roof rat hole gnawed through the wooden roof fascia under the rain gutter and into the attic of a house in Leeds Alabama
    Roof rat hole into the attic of a house in Leeds
  • Mice gnawed at a television antenna wire in the attic of a house
    Mouse damage to television antenna wire
  • A rectangular gap around air conditioning pipes passed through a brick wall needs to be sealed to achieve non chemical rat control at a Tuscaloosa Alabama home.
    Why this house in Tuscaloosa has a rat problem
  • Missing brick in the foundation allowed rats to get into the crawl space of a house in Valdosta Alabama
    How Norway rats got into a house in Valdosta
  • Hole in the cement exterior wall with pipes passing through it allowed rats into the house
    Rat entry hole into a house in Anniston
  • Man crouching under the deck of a house in Birmingham Alabama using a cordless screwdriver to attach a plywood panel to the foundation to seal mice out of the house
    Mouse-proofing a house in Birmingham
  • Mice got into a house in Valdosta through a gap at the bottom left corner of a crawl space access door
    How mice got into a house in Valdosta
  • Rat rub marks on a rafter at a Birmingham, Alabama rat extermination job
    Rat rub marks at a Birmingham rat control job
  • A half inch gap at the bottom of the door trim that will have to be sealed as part of a Trussville Alabama mouse control job.
    Rodent entry gap at a Trussville mouse control job
  • Smiling technician pointing out a gap between the foundation and the exterior trim that mice used to get into the house
    Inspector Tim found a mouse hole

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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Albany, Americus and Thomaston squirrel calls are on the rise. Scheduled them all today for exclusion quotes. Scratching noises in the attic prompted them to call. Call for your free quote.
by Jason Arruda
Oct 19, 2021 10:16:47 am.

Another busy day. Off to Tuscaloosa to quote a couple of clients who are interested in having their homes sealed to prevent rodent entry. Then to Mountain Brook for some squirrels in an attic.
by Chris Scott
Oct 19, 2021 07:55:58 am.

Roof rats gnawed a golf ball sized hole right through the wooden roof trim to get into the attic of a house in Leeds, Alabama. Rat removal technicians from our Birmingham office are setting traps to catch and remove the rats, and rodent-proofing the house to prevent future rat and mouse infestations.
by Webmaster
Oct 18, 2021 10:42:37 am.

No job to big Not even in Grayson
by Alfonso K.
Oct 18, 2021 09:32:48 am.

As we get ready for the cooler weather, so do they! Monday has started off with lots of “animals/noises in attic” calls!! Call your local RAC office for an estimate on humane removal & exclusion!
by Amber A.
Oct 18, 2021 08:44:48 am.

Beautiful week ahead for helping customers rid critters from their attics. If you live in and around Birmingham AL, Atlanta, GA Macon, Ga and you hear animals in your home call Ridacritter. We can get those rats, bats & squirrels out.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 18, 2021 08:10:23 am.

Busy Saturday @ Ridacritter. We accepted new jobs or rat, mice, bat and squirrel removal in Indian Springs Village AL, Macon GA, Acworth GA, Harpersville AL & Albany GA. Don't share your house or attic with nuisance critters.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 17, 2021 09:07:05 am.

Want to know how to get rid of rat? The easiest an best way to get rid of rats or mice is to call Ridacritter. Cold weather is approaching and rodents will head indoors. Call Ridacritter for a free quote on rat or mice removal & prevention.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 17, 2021 09:01:20 am.

Want to know how to get rid of rats? Simply call Ridacritter for the best rat removal and rat prevention service around. For over 20 years Ridacritter has been helping home owners remove and prevent animals in their homes.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 15, 2021 08:12:00 am.

If you need help with rat removal, killing rats or rat prevention, call the best critter control company around......Ridacritter. We will rid your home of nuisance critters and keep them out. We serve all of the Birmingham metro areas.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 15, 2021 08:09:42 am.

Heading to remove flying squirrels Today in Hoover Alabama. Then rats in Birmingham. Happy Friday!
by James G.
Oct 14, 2021 10:07:42 pm.

Norway rats used a ventilation hole in a sideways cinder block in the foundation to get into the crawl space of a house in Trussville, Alabama. Rat control specialists from our Birmingham office are trapping and removing the rats, and rodent-proofing the foundation to prevent future infestations.
by Webmaster
Oct 14, 2021 10:50:45 am.

Wanna know the best way to get rid of rats, bats, squirrels, mice, raccoons and rodents? Call Ridacritter of course. A+ BBB, TrustDale Cert & over 20 years in business. Critter removal from attics and complete animal exclusions.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 14, 2021 08:19:18 am.

Headed out to Pell City to do a couple of evaluations for rodents one client has some snake issues under the house the other flying squirrels. Then a little drive over to Crowell for a rat and mouse quote.
by Chris Scott
Oct 14, 2021 08:16:35 am.

The squiggly trails meandering through the insulation turned out to be made by roof rats in the attic of a house in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Rat control specialists from our Birmingham office are trapping and removing the rats, sealing them out of the attic, and replacing the insulation.
by Webmaster
Oct 13, 2021 10:47:17 am.

Had a busy day today! Couple of customers in hueytown with squirrels in their attics. Went down to Pelham for another squirrel quote. Then finished out the day in Vestavia Hills for two more squirrel quotes. Lots of squirrels jobs today.
by Chris Scott
Oct 12, 2021 09:14:00 pm.

A baseball-sized hole in a brick wall where some sort of pipe used to pass through allowed Norway arts into a house in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. A rat control crew from our Birmingham office will patch the hole, and use traps to safely and non-chemically eliminate the existing rat infestation.
by Webmaster
Oct 12, 2021 10:43:57 am.

Heading to Hoover Alabama today For warranty renewals 🐀
by James G.
Oct 12, 2021 10:25:48 am.

Good morning! I’m off to Leeds for a hornet’s nest. Then headed to vestavia for mice and snakes. Got a couple quotes in Birmingham for squirrels.
by Chris Scott
Oct 11, 2021 07:33:23 am.

Happy Friday! We’ve spent most of the morning getting calls about squirrels in the attic! If you’re hearing noises in the attic, give us a call for an estimate!
by Amber A.
Oct 08, 2021 10:44:38 am.

Heading to remove flying squirrels Today in Hoover Alabama. Then rats in Birmingham. Happy Friday!
by James G.
Oct 08, 2021 10:23:01 am.

Ridacritter knows can help you with squirrels in your attic. Call Ridacritter for a quote and on squirrel removal and squirrel exclusion. We’re getting lots of calls for squirrels in the Atlanta, Birmingham and Macon areas.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 08, 2021 09:29:35 am.

Ridacritter knows how to get rid of rats. Call Ridacritter for a free quote on rat removal and rat prevention.
by Richard Adcock
Oct 08, 2021 09:26:30 am.

Just quoted a flying squirrel job In cedartown, now headed to Atlanta
by Chris Collender
Oct 08, 2021 08:13:15 am.

Today our technicians are sealing the gaps in the foundation to keep Norway rats out of a house in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Rat control requires both the elimination of the existing rat population, and rodent-proofing the building, to be permanently effective.
by Webmaster
Oct 08, 2021 07:41:48 am.

Good morning! I’m off to Bessemer Alabama. Got a customer with some squirrels in there attic. Then headed to Tuscaloosa. Roll Tide! Got a few quotes for mice and squirrels. Have a Good Friday. Everyone l!
by Chris Scott
Oct 08, 2021 07:30:02 am.

Just quoted a house in Atlanta with rats, now on my way to Newnan to give a quote
by Chris Collender
Oct 07, 2021 08:13:24 am.

Just quoted a house in Smyrna with rats, customer has tried a pc company and a garage door company to fix his issues, now he needs the pros. Headed to Stone Mountain to quote a rental property with squirrels, living the dream
by Chris Collender
Oct 06, 2021 11:28:18 am.

In Americus Ga quoting a bat exclusion job.
by Jason Arruda
Oct 06, 2021 11:08:51 am.

Heading to Birmingham Alabama To evict more rats !
by James G.
Oct 06, 2021 10:37:36 am.

A one-inch gap at the end of the roof soffit was all the space that roof rats needed to get into the attic of a house in Vestavia Hills, Alabama. Rat removal crews from our Birmingham office are trapping and removing the rats, and sealing the gaps to prevent future rat infestations.
by Webmaster
Oct 06, 2021 09:56:47 am.

Rainy weather might stop us from wanting to go out, but not the squirrels, bats, or other rodents! If animals are getting into your home, give us a call for an estimate. We offer humane removal and full home exclusion services!
by Amber A.
Oct 06, 2021 08:06:31 am.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, Warrior, and their surrounding areas. We are fully licensed and insured.

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