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Rat and Mouse Control in the Greater Birmingham, Alabama Area

An infrared picture of a rat walking upside-down on a floor joist

Rid-A-Critter has high-tech infrared imaging equipment to help detect stealthy rodents.

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as pests in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. Rodentologists and public health biologists refer to these three species as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do. In other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same food as we do. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, have exquisite balance, and are skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

Squirrels and flying squirrels are also rodents, but are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife," not pests.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

In other words, rats and mice in a home aren't just a nuisance. They're a health threat. Keeping rats and mice out of your home, therefore, is an important part of protecting your family's health.

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

In fact, rats and mice are among the most significant public health pests. They are directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. Rats are also believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references associating rats with disease dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rodents control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in crawl spaces, and in bait boxes along runways to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning a non-target animal.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides can cause secondary toxicity, which means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. For example, if a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up Your Home. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying inside a wall or ceiling and causing odors and insect problems.

More Economical in the Long Run. Non-chemical rodent control system seals rats and mice out of your home, so once it's done, it's done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to replace the poison.

Rid-A-Critter specializes in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal up your home to keep rats and mice from getting in. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's a much better way of dealing with rodent problems than using poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

  • Roof rat entry hole and rub marks found at a Birmingham AL rat control job

    Roof rat entry hole and rub marks in Birmingham

  • Quarter inch gap around a foundation vent that allowed mice into a house in Hoover Alabama

    Mouse entry gap into a house in Hoover

  • Many, many rat dropping in the carpet under a wooden chair at a house with a serious rat infestation

    Rat droppings at a seriously-infested house

  • Electrical wires chewed by mice in an attic in Helena, Alabama

    Mouse damage to electrical wires in Helena, AL

  • Rat damage to a French drain in Birmingham, Alabama

    Rat damage to a French drain in Birmingham

  • Homeowner attempted to seal rats out of the house by sticking a brick loosely into the hole in the foundation that the rats were using to get inside

    How NOT to seal rats out of your home

  • Rats badly tore apart the siding above the deck at a house in Hoover Alabama

    Rat damage to a house in Hoover

  • Improperly-done DIY rat control job in Moody, Alabama left a hole

    DIY rat control attempt in Moody, Alabama

  • Mouse nest and acorn shells on the valve cover of a pickup truck

    Mouse nest in the engine compartment of a truck

  • A piece of plastic bubble wrap in a roof rat nest in the attic of a house

    Roof rat air mattress?

  • Rectangular hole about four by six inches where pipes and wires passed through allowed rats into a house in Hoover Alabama

    How rats got into a house in Hoover

  • Rat chewed through the top left corner of a wooden door on the crawl space of a house in Talladega Alabama

    Rat hole in a crawl space door in Talladega

  • Technician on his knees near the sink sealing rats out a commercial kitchen grease trap in Birmingham Alabama

    Sealing rats out of a restaurant in Birmingham

  • Roof rat gnawed a quarter sized hole through the soffit panel at a roof junction at a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Roof rat hole in a house in Birmingham

  • Roof rat hole in the roof soffit of a house in Hoover, Alabama

    Roof rat hole in a house in Hoover

  • Young rat walking into the garage of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Young rat getting into a garage in Birmingham

  • A rat burrow in the attic insulation of a house in Hueytown, Alabama

    Rat burrow in insulation of a home in Hueytown

  • Rat damage to a sewer pipe found at a Birmingham rat extermination job

    Rat damage to a sewer pipe in Birmingham

  • Rat entry hole around utility chase in the wall of a house in Bessemer AL

    Rat hole in the wall of a house in Bessemer

  • Gnawing and damage from roof rats along the edge of a roof in Birmingham

    Roof rat damage along the edge of a roof

  • A Norway rat burrow going under the brick wall of a house in Hoover, Alabama

    Norway rat burrow outside a house in Hoover

  • Roof rat gnawed a semicircular hole through a metal rain gutter and the wood behind it at a house in Hoover Alabama

    Roof rat damage to a rain gutter in Hoover

  • Rats gnawed on air conditioning pipes going through brick wall into house

    Rat damage to air conditioning in Birmingham

  • Mouse droppings and a bag of mouse poison in an attic in Leeds, Alabama

    Mouse droppings in at attic in Leeds, Alabama

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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How Rats Got into a Commercial Kitchen in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jan 14, 2020 11:05:22 am.

Norway Rat Hole into a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jan 13, 2020 10:30:49 am.

Justin Keeping Rats out of a Commercial Kitchen in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jan 10, 2020 09:53:46 am.

Excited to be at the Athens pest control conference this week. Let’s talk about wildlife and what services we provide to help.
by Jason Arruda
Jan 06, 2020 11:57:03 am.

Close-Up of a Roof Rat Hole in a Brick House in Vestavia Hills, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jan 06, 2020 11:16:13 am.

New Blog Post: Happy New Year!
by Webmaster
Dec 31, 2019 11:39:15 am.

Want to put a stop to those pesky critters getting in your home for good? We can do that!!
by Jason Arruda
Dec 30, 2019 12:14:14 pm.

Heard it all. Squirrels in my attic, scratching noises in my attic, attic noises, animals partying in my attic, then there’s the crawlspace. Rats in my crawlspace, opossum in my crawlspace and there’s something dead in my crawlspace/attic.
by Jason Arruda
Dec 30, 2019 12:07:59 pm.

New Blog Post: Merry Christmas!
by Webmaster
Dec 24, 2019 11:07:00 am.

Just want to say. I’m so grateful for the relationships we have with the pest control companies in Georgia and Alabama and Tennessee. Thank you all for the referrals.
by Jason Arruda
Dec 19, 2019 01:01:20 pm.

This is Why This House in Birmingham Has Rats in the Crawl Space
by Webmaster
Dec 11, 2019 11:26:01 am.

A Detached Dryer Vent Duct Allowed Rats into a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Dec 09, 2019 10:36:10 am.

Hope everyone had a great Thanksgiving. Squirrels are busy this season as usual. I’m headed south to take a look at a commercial job in Macon for Bats. Yep bats their still hanging around with us despite the cooler temps. Have a good day.
by Jason Arruda
Dec 05, 2019 10:27:19 am.

New Blog Post: What Software Do We Use to Maintain this Site?
by Webmaster
Dec 04, 2019 06:29:03 pm.

New Blog Post: Happy Thanksgiving!
by Webmaster
Nov 27, 2019 11:45:10 am.

Heavy Rat Rub Marks in the Attic of a House in Anniston, Alabama
by Webmaster
Nov 19, 2019 09:55:49 am.

Evidence of a Rat Problem in the Attic of a House in Bryant, Alabama
by Webmaster
Nov 19, 2019 09:52:48 am.

Serious Rat Problem in a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Nov 18, 2019 10:43:43 am.

Roof Rat Nest in the Attic of a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Nov 14, 2019 12:18:46 pm.

This Was the Roof Rat Hole into the Attic of a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Nov 12, 2019 11:04:00 am.

Havoc in you attic. Call us
by Jason Arruda
Oct 10, 2019 02:29:13 pm.

Having a blast down here in Tifton Ga at the GPCA Fall Conference meeting new clients. Glad to be in great relationships with the pest control industry.
by Jason Arruda
Oct 10, 2019 10:45:32 am.

Been a busy day in South Georgia today with attic noises and scratching noises in walls. Squirrels are here.
by Jason Arruda
Sep 19, 2019 02:34:56 pm.

Quite Typical Roof Rat Gap into a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Sep 12, 2019 11:56:54 am.

Heading to Lincoln to look at a bat problem for a customer. Then off to talladega for squirrels.
by Chris Scott
Sep 05, 2019 09:22:36 am.

Squirrel calls are coming in. Is your home protected? Call us for a free quote today.
by Jason Arruda
Sep 04, 2019 12:40:03 pm.

Obvious Evidence of a Roof Rat Problem at a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Sep 04, 2019 11:40:30 am.

Look How Rats Got Into this House in Hueytown, Alabama
by Webmaster
Sep 04, 2019 11:37:30 am.

Out seeing clients today in Birmingham, Anniston, Leeds and Center Point Alabama. Having issues with Nuisance animals in your home or business call us for a free quote.
by Jason Arruda
Aug 29, 2019 12:14:08 pm.

Undeniable Evidence of a Rat Problem in a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Aug 27, 2019 10:19:51 am.

Headed south to Vidalia,Ga for a bat exclusion quote. Nice day today with cooler temps. Going to be a busy fall.
by Jason Arruda
Aug 26, 2019 11:29:27 am.

Getting a little squirrelly in Georgia. We’ve seen babies already.
by Jason Arruda
Aug 01, 2019 09:54:09 am.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, and their surrounding areas.

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