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Rat and Mouse Control in the Greater Birmingham, Alabama Area

An infrared picture of a rat walking upside-down on a floor joist

Rid-A-Critter has high-tech infrared imaging equipment to help detect stealthy rodents.

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as pests in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. Rodentologists and public health biologists refer to these three species as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do. In other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same food as we do. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, have exquisite balance, and are skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

Squirrels and flying squirrels are also rodents, but are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife," not pests.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

In other words, rats and mice in a home aren't just a nuisance. They're a health threat. Keeping rats and mice out of your home, therefore, is an important part of protecting your family's health.

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

In fact, rats and mice are among the most significant public health pests. They are directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. Rats are also believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references associating rats with disease dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rodents control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in crawl spaces, and in bait boxes along runways to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning a non-target animal.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides can cause secondary toxicity, which means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. For example, if a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up Your Home. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying inside a wall or ceiling and causing odors and insect problems.

More Economical in the Long Run. Non-chemical rodent control system seals rats and mice out of your home, so once it's done, it's done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to replace the poison.

Rid-A-Critter specializes in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal up your home to keep rats and mice from getting in. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's a much better way of dealing with rodent problems than using poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

  • Improperly-done DIY rat control job in Moody, Alabama left a hole

    DIY rat control attempt in Moody, Alabama

  • Roof rats gnawed a hole in the gap between the roof sheathing and fascia of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Roof rat damage to a house in Birmingham

  • Dirty rat burrows through the attic insulation in a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Rat burrows in an attic in Birmingham

  • Rat entry around air-conditioning lines at a house in Birmingham, AL

    Rat extermination job in Birmingham

  • Fuse box of a car with wires gnawed by mice and mouse droppings and debris in the circuitry

    Mouse damage to a car's electrical system

  • A Norway rat home in the top of a crawl space door in Irondale, Alabama

    Norway rat hole in crawl space door in Irondale

  • Mice got into a house in Valdosta through a gap at the bottom left corner of a crawl space access door

    How mice got into a house in Valdosta

  • Mouse in a washing machine among the clothing looking up at the camera

    Mouse in a washing machine

  • Gap between a brick and a vertical piece of trim needs to be sealed to keep mice out of a house in Hoover Alabama.

    Mouse gap in the brick work at a house in Hoover

  • Rat burrows through the blown in insulation in between the joists in the attic of a house in Helena Alabama

    Rat burrows through insulation in Helena

  • Norway rats got into a house in Valdosta Alabama through a gap in the foundation vent

    Norway rat entry point in Valdosta

  • Man lying on the ground on his belly installing rat-proof crawl space vents

    Installing rat-proof crawl space vents

  • Roof rat entry hole and rub marks found at a Birmingham AL rat control job

    Roof rat entry hole and rub marks in Birmingham

  • Rat droppings and debris in the attic insulation of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Evidence of rats in an attic in Birmingham

  • Pile of rat droppings and urine on top of a heating duct in the unfinished attic of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Rat droppings and urine in an attic in Birmingham

  • Roof rats gnawed a hole through a flexible heating duct in an attic

    Roof rat damage to a heating duct

  • Rats gnawed through about an inch of the outer insulation of a piece of electrical wiring in the unfinished attic of a house in Vestavia Hills Alabama

    Rat damage to attic wiring in Vestavia Hills

  • Rats gnawed the coax cable television cable right down to the copper center conductor

    Rat damage to cable TV wiring in a crawl space

  • Rat rub marks on a rafter at a Birmingham, Alabama rat extermination job

    Rat rub marks at a Birmingham rat control job

  • The screen at the lower right corner of the gable vent has a hole through which roof rats got into the attic

    Roof rats were getting in through the gable vent

  • Mouse nest and acorn shells on the valve cover of a pickup truck

    Mouse nest in the engine compartment of a truck

  • Rats badly tore apart the siding above the deck at a house in Hoover Alabama

    Rat damage to a house in Hoover

  • Wires with insulation chewed by rats, found in attic at a Birmingham, AL rat control job

    Rat damage to wires in an attic in Birmingham

  • Gap around air conditioning pipes where they pass through the brick wall allowed Norway rats to get into a brick house in Hoover Alabama.

    Rat gap through the bricks into a house in Hoover

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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Rats, mice and squirrels today. Wildlife repairs with trapping. Animal exclusion needed call us for a free quote.
by Jason Arruda
Feb 25, 2021 10:58:52 am.

Our Birmingham office has a rat-removal crew sealing under the deck to keep Norway rats out of a house in Hoover, Alabama. They'll also non-chemically catch and remove the rats that are already in the crawl space.
by Webmaster
Feb 25, 2021 10:27:31 am.

Heading to Bessemer Alabama Trapping some πŸ€!
by James G.
Feb 24, 2021 08:43:33 am.

Today we're starting a roof rat removal job at a house in Birmingham, Alabama. We'll be non-chemically trapping and removing the rats from the attic, and animal-proofing the roof to keep rats and other critters out.
by Webmaster
Feb 19, 2021 09:49:25 am.

Technicians from our Birmingham office are on their way to a non-chemical Norway rat removal and rat-proofing job at a house in Hoover, Alabama. We treat rat problems entirely non-chemically, using no poisons at all.
by Webmaster
Feb 19, 2021 09:43:35 am.

Rainy all over Georgia it seems like. Hard for us to keep dry when we’re determined to evict the animals and seal to keep them out. In Albany Ga now for a couple quotes and then to Zebulon Ga for another quote for squirrels removal. Be safe
by Jason Arruda
Feb 18, 2021 11:10:35 am.

We have technicians sealing the foundation of a house in Birmingham, Alabama to keep Norway rats out of the crawl space. The rats were getting in through a gap in the foundation where pipes were passed through.
by Webmaster
Feb 08, 2021 10:00:59 am.

Back to Tuscaloosa today To finish up the eviction on the πŸ€ πŸ€ πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š
by James G.
Feb 04, 2021 08:44:43 am.

Keep a look out for your downspouts, squirrels love to chew into them if you have covers on the bottom. It’s baby season, so don’t hesitate to call Ridacritter today!
by Jake A.
Feb 03, 2021 03:13:57 pm.

Headed over to Albany Georgia for a quote to exclude squirrels.
by Jason Arruda
Feb 02, 2021 11:44:36 am.

Give Ridacritter a call for any of your nuisance animal needs. From Bats, to Bees, Squirrels, to Rats, Ridacritter solves all of your problems. Call for an exclusion today!
by Jake A.
Jan 30, 2021 10:25:50 am.

Heading to Alabaster Alabama this morning Rats in crawlspace πŸ€ . πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š
by James G.
Jan 27, 2021 08:42:47 am.

Very busy right now. Lots of squirrels and rats in the Birmingham and surrounding areas. Looks like bats are flying already as I’ve got several bat jobs to look at this week. Had a customer yesterday with squirrels and bats.
by Chris Scott
Jan 26, 2021 08:07:01 am.

In Mccalla Alabama today Fighting with Rats πŸ€ and bats πŸ¦‡ !
by James G.
Jan 25, 2021 10:23:12 am.

We're rat-proofing a house in Birmingham, Alabama. We're replacing water-damaged siding, sealing around pipes and wires where they pass into the house, and trapping and removing the existing rats.
by Webmaster
Jan 20, 2021 10:33:15 am.

Off to Birmingham Alabama this morning Have us a tripple threat mice 🐭 πŸ€ and squirrels 🐿. πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š πŸ₯Š
by James G.
Jan 14, 2021 09:06:47 am.

Our Birmingham office is performing non-chemical rat control in the basement of a commercial building in Sylacauga, Alabama.
by Webmaster
Jan 12, 2021 10:55:36 am.

The weather makes for a slow day, but the calls tell us the rodents are still as busy as ever!
by Amber A.
Jan 07, 2021 05:44:51 pm.

In Auburn Alabama quoting exclusions for gray squirrels today.
by Jason Arruda
Jan 07, 2021 11:01:30 am.

Lots of squirrel and rat calls today. From Birmingham to Anniston.
by Chris Scott
Jan 07, 2021 09:46:52 am.

In Alpharetta, Ga this morning providing a clearance letter to a customer so their buyers can rest assured they’re purchasing a Critter Free home. Did I mention our Warranty is 100% transferable??
by Tim McDavid
Jan 05, 2021 09:29:57 am.

Lots of squirrel calls today. It appears gray and flying squirrels are attempting to take over every attic in the Birmingham and surrounding areas.
by Chris Scott
Jan 04, 2021 05:58:27 pm.

New Blog Post: Happy New Year!
by Webmaster
Dec 31, 2020 10:41:11 am.

New Blog Post: Merry Christmas!
by Webmaster
Dec 24, 2020 11:23:46 am.

Tomorrow's agenda includes a trip to Sylacauga, Alabama. We'll be sealing up gaps in the stone foundation of a house to keep Norway rats out of the crawl space, and trapping and removing the rats that are already in the house.
by Webmaster
Dec 17, 2020 05:50:36 pm.

Finishing up on a exclusion in Cordele Ga and headed to Valdosta Ga for some trap checking. Good times. Happy Monday.
by Jason Arruda
Dec 07, 2020 10:46:24 am.

Our Birmingham office is sealing gaps in the siding to keep roof rats out of a house in Oxford, Alabama.
by Webmaster
Nov 18, 2020 10:19:16 am.

We're replacing a badly-damaged gable vent cover to keep roof rats out of the attic of a house in Birmingham, Alabama. Usually we just screen over gable vents to keep the rats out, but when they're badly damaged, we can replace them.
by Webmaster
Nov 16, 2020 11:46:13 am.

We Found Rat Droppings in a House in Hoover, Alabame
by Webmaster
Nov 16, 2020 11:28:30 am.

A crew from our Birmingham office is repairing water damage and sealing gaps in the soffit trim to keep roof rats out of a house in Homewood, Alabama.
by Webmaster
Nov 09, 2020 10:51:37 am.

Our Birmingham office has a crew rat-proofing the crawl space of a large house in Hoover, Alabama. We're trapping the rats non-chemically, removing them from the house, and closing up all the gaps in the foundation to keep rats from getting in.
by Webmaster
Oct 23, 2020 11:42:20 am.

We have a non-chemical rat-control and rat-proofing job in Hoover, Alabama scheduled for tomorrow. The rats are getting into the house through a gap in the bricks that air-conditioning pipes pass through, which is a pretty common situation.
by Webmaster
Oct 18, 2020 04:45:32 pm.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, Warrior, and their surrounding areas.

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