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Rat and Mouse Control in the Greater Birmingham, Alabama Area

An infrared picture of a rat walking upside-down on a floor joist

Rid-A-Critter has high-tech infrared imaging equipment to help detect stealthy rodents.

There are many species of rodents, but only three of them are commonly encountered as pests in Alabama: the roof rat, the Norway rat, and the house mouse. Rodentologists and public health biologists refer to these three species as "commensal rodents," meaning that they "eat from the same table" as we do. In other words, they live in close proximity to us and eat the same food as we do. This chart can help you tell the three species apart.

Roof rats are slender, athletic, have exquisite balance, and are skilled at climbing. They're very common in Alabama, and are usually found in attics and walls of homes (although they can live pretty much anywhere near a source of food and water).

Norway rats are stockier than roof rats and usually live in burrows, basements, crawl spaces, and other areas close to the ground. They can climb when necessary, however; so like their cousins the roof rats, they can live pretty much anywhere.

House mice are small and slender and can be found almost anywhere. They have poor vision, so they especially like tight places where they can feel their way around using their whiskers and special body hairs. They don't need to drink free water, so basically they can live anywhere close to food and where they feel cozy and safe from predators.

Squirrels and flying squirrels are also rodents, but are a bit higher on the rodent social scale and are considered "nuisance wildlife," not pests.

This tendency to live in close proximity to humans is a big part of the reason why rats and mice are important public health pests. Rodents are involved in the transmission of a whole bunch of diseases, and their closer they live to humans, the easier it is for most of these diseases to be transmitted.

In other words, rats and mice in a home aren't just a nuisance. They're a health threat. Keeping rats and mice out of your home, therefore, is an important part of protecting your family's health.

A rat exterminator in a crawl space in Birmingham, Alabama, barely visible among the pipes and debris

Doing rat control in Birmingham is a dirty job, but someone has to do it.

In fact, rats and mice are among the most significant public health pests. They are directly involved in the transmission of many diseases, and indirectly involved in many more. Rats are also believed to have been the first animal specifically identified as a disease-bearing pest, with references associating rats with disease dating back to biblical times.

Aside from contaminating food and living spaces with their droppings, urine, and shed fur, rats are hosts for a wide variety of insect and other parasite disease vectors. They also serve as reservoirs for many diseases that their parasites spread including plague, Lyme disease, and many others.

Like rats, mice also carry diseases. In fact, despite their small size, mice can actually be more important disease vectors than rats. Mice are smaller than rats and can get through smaller openings, have a smaller home range, don't require free water in their diets, and most often live within a few feet of their food sources. This means that mice are actually more likely than rats to come in contact with humans (or more commonly, our food).

Some of the more notable diseases transmitted by rats and mice include:

Plague. This is the disease that rodents are famous for spreading, of course, seeing as how it wiped out a large part of Europe on several occasions. The bacteria that cause plague, Yersenia pestis, are usually transmitted to humans by fleas that carry the bacterium from an infected rodent to the human. But they can also be spread by handling an infected animal.

Hantavirus. There are several strains of hantavirus, all of which are spread by the droppings or urine of rodents or by coming in contact with infected animals. Exposure can lead to the development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a serious and potentially fatal respiratory disease.

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM). LCM is a serious neurological disease that is spread by breathing dust that has been contaminated with the droppings or urine of rodents, or by coming in contact with nesting materials or other contaminated items.

Some other rodent-borne diseases include leptospirosis, murine typhus, salmonella, rat-bite fever, tularemia, Lyme disease, and many, many others.

Economic Importance of Rodent Control

In addition to their public health importance, rats and mice are serious economic pests, as well. Among the ways that rats and mice cause economic harm are:

Direct Damage to Property. Rats and mice are gnawers, and they'll gnaw on pretty much anything that's convenient -- including both buildings themselves and stored belongings like shoes, clothing, books, and so forth. They also stain and damage items with their urine and droppings.

Damage to Stored Food, Feed, and Seed. Rats and mice consume millions of tons of stored food, feed, and seed every year, and contaminate millions of ton more with their urine, droppings, shed hairs, and other filth.

Fires. Rodents cause countless fires every year by gnawing on the insulation of electrical wiring. Our techs come across this almost every single day. It's a very serious problem.

Non-Chemical Rat and Mouse Control in Alabama

Most mouse and rat exterminators use poison bats as their primary rodents control tools. They place the bait in burrow, in walls or ceilings, in crawl spaces, and in bait boxes along runways to kill the rats and mice. Eventually the rodents find the bait; and a few days after that, they die. Sounds like a plan, right? Well, we don't like that plan. Here's why.

Non-Chemical Rodent Control is Safer. When you use poison baits, there's always the chance of poisoning a non-target animal.

Organic Rat and Mouse Control is Environmentally Friendly. Most rodenticides can cause secondary toxicity, which means that the poisoned rodent's carcass becomes poisonous. For example, if a hawk eats a poisoned rat, the hawk could be poisoned, as well.

No Risk of Dead Rodents Stinking Up Your Home. With our non-chemical approach to rodent control, the rodents in your home are trapped and removed, and then your home is made rodent-proof. That means there's no chance of a poisoned rat or mouse dying inside a wall or ceiling and causing odors and insect problems.

More Economical in the Long Run. Non-chemical rodent control system seals rats and mice out of your home, so once it's done, it's done. You don't have to pay a rodent exterminator to show up every month to replace the poison.

Rid-A-Critter specializes in non-chemical rat and mouse extermination. We trap the rodents that are in your home, and then seal up your home to keep rats and mice from getting in. This is called "rodent exclusion" or "rodent-proofing," and it's a much better way of dealing with rodent problems than using poisons.

Rodent Control Gallery

Here are some pictures of rodent control jobs that we've done in Birmingham and throughout our Metro Birmingham, Alabama service area.

  • Pest control technician on his knees sealing under a garage door to keep mice out of a house in Birmingham Alabama.

    Mouse-proofing a garage in Birmingham

  • Rat prints in the dirt in a crawl space

    Rat prints in a crawl space

  • Missing brick in the foundation allowed rats to get into the crawl space of a house in Valdosta Alabama

    How Norway rats got into a house in Valdosta

  • A new tight fitting wooden door installed on a house in Hoover Alabama to keep mice and rats out of the crawl space.

    Mouse-proof crawl space door installed in Hoover

  • Rat droppings on the carpet next to the wall in a house in Hoover Alabama.

    Rat droppings in a house in Hoover

  • The foundation vent cover is completely missing and allowed Norway rats to get into the crawl space of a house in Birmingham Alabama.

    How Norway rats got into this Birmingham home

  • Hole through exterior wall of a house at a Hoover, AL rat control job.

    Rat hole at Hoover rat control job

  • Rat droppings on a hot water heater at a Birmingham, AL rat control job

    Birmingham, Alabama rat control job

  • Rat droppings and torn tar paper on the floor in the unfinished attic of a house in Birmingham Alabama.

    Evidence of rats in an attic in Birmingham

  • Mouse trails through insulation found at a Birmingham, Alabama mouse control job

    Mouse trailsin attic insulation in Birmingham

  • Roof rat droppings and a nest made of leaves in the eave of the attic of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Rat nest in the attic of a house in Birmingha

  • Technician on his knees near the sink sealing rats out a commercial kitchen grease trap in Birmingham Alabama

    Sealing rats out of a restaurant in Birmingham

  • There is enough space in a pipe opening in the exterior brick wall for rats to get through

    Rat entry point into a house in Birmingham

  • A big, ugly smudge on top of a soil pipe in a basement caused by rat body oil and urine

    Rat urine and grease stains accumlated on a pipe

  • Rats chewed a hole into the roof of a house in Hoover Alabama starting with the existing gap between the roof sheathing and the fascia board

    Roof rat hole in a house in Hoover

  • Almost all the mortar is missing from the brick chimney of a house in Leeds Alabama which created gaps between the bricks that allowed roof rats into the attic.

    Rat gaps in the chimney of a house in Leeds

  • Homeowner in Birmingham Alabama patched a fist sized hole in a brick wall with a square foot of mortar and still managed to leave a mouse gap around the pipes.

    Failed DIY mouse-proofing at a Birmingham home

  • Roof rat rub marks on a badly bent aluminum gable vent cover that will be replaced to keep rats and other animals out of the attic of a house in Birmingham Alabama.

    Roof rat rub marks and damage in Birmingham

  • Gap between a brick and a vertical piece of trim needs to be sealed to keep mice out of a house in Hoover Alabama.

    Mouse gap in the brick work at a house in Hoover

  • There is a hole in the brick wall at ground level through which an air conditioning pipe - and rats - passed into the house

    Perfect rat entry hole in a Birmingham home

  • Young rat walking into the garage of a house in Birmingham Alabama

    Young rat getting into a garage in Birmingham

  • Gap between the stone foundation and the sill plate of a house in Sylacauga Alabama needs to be sealed to keep rats out of the crawl space.

    Rat gap in a stone foundation in Sylacauga

  • Mouse droppings in the insulation in the attic of a house in Homewood Alabama

    Mouse droppings in an attic in Homewood

  • Cable installer poked a hole through the foundation vent to run the cable, which allowed mice to get into a house in Valdosta Alabama.

    Mouse-loving cable guy struck in Valdosta!

For more information about rodent control or any of our quality services, please call us today for an on-site inspection and consultation.


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Hope everyone has a wonderful weekend!
by Amber A.
Jul 23, 2021 06:29:58 pm.

Today we'll be non-chemically treating a Norway rat infestation in the crawl space of a Birmingham, Alabama home. You should never use rodenticides to treat a rat problem in a home. In addition to all the safety hazards, a rat may die in an inaccessible area and stink up your house.
by Webmaster
Jul 21, 2021 10:35:28 am.

Chris's crew is busy trapping and removing roof rats from the attic of a Birmingham, Alabama home. They'll also be rodent-proofing the house, repairing the damage, and probably replacing the smelly attic insulation that has been contaminated with rat droppings and urine.
by Webmaster
Jul 20, 2021 10:57:48 am.

Roof Rats Gnawed on the Electrical Wiring in the Attic of a Hoover, Alabama Home
by Webmaster
Jul 13, 2021 09:50:15 am.

An electrician checking the wiring discovered that roof rats have been gnawing on the electrical wires in the attic of a house in Chelsea, Alabama. A rat-removal crew from our Birmingham office is on their way to remove the rats from the attic and rodent-proof the house.
by Webmaster
Jul 13, 2021 09:45:02 am.

Droppings, urine, and nesting materials were evidence of roof rats that need to be removed from the attic of a house in Birmingham, Alabama. We're using traps to safely catch and remove the rats from the attic, and rodent-proofing the house to keep them out.
by Webmaster
Jul 12, 2021 10:59:54 am.

A completely-missing foundation vent cover allowed Norway rats to get into the crawl space of a house in Birmingham. No one knows where it went. We have a crew trapping and removing the rats from the house, replacing the vent cover, and rodent-proofing the home.
by Webmaster
Jul 07, 2021 10:53:16 am.

Here's How Rats Got Through a Brick Wall and into a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jul 06, 2021 10:56:00 am.

We have a crew trapping and removing roof rats from the attic, and replacing several sections of rat-damaged soffit panel, at a house in Birmingham, Alabama. The rats gnawed through the corrugation of the soffit panel to get into the attic.
by Webmaster
Jul 02, 2021 10:58:32 am.

We have technicians installing screening behind ventilation openings in the brick foundation to keep Norway rats out of the crawl space of a Birmingham, Alabama home. They're also using traps to quickly and safely treat the existing rat problem.
by Webmaster
Jul 01, 2021 10:24:03 am.

Hope everyone stayed dry from the rain but if you got flooded with animals we can get them out!
by Amber A.
Jun 21, 2021 06:32:40 pm.

New YouTube Video: Rodent Proofing a House in Douglasville, Georgia
by Webmaster
Jun 21, 2021 09:12:10 am.

We can remove animals from the structure, as well as seal up your home, but if those pesky critters left behind any excrement, we offer cleanup as well as insulation replacement! Call for a quote!
by Amber A.
Jun 18, 2021 06:34:50 pm.

Happy Monday! Hope everyone has a wonderful and productive week! And if animals are keeping you up at night, give us a call!
by Amber A.
Jun 14, 2021 05:59:26 pm.

Hope everyone has a great weekend!!
by Amber A.
Jun 12, 2021 07:23:35 pm.

It’s a competition between bats and raccoons getting up in the attics the last few days! If it’s in your attic, we can get it!
by Amber A.
Jun 11, 2021 06:04:09 pm.

The rain seems to be driving the animals in! We can get them out!
by Amber A.
Jun 10, 2021 06:04:42 pm.

The rain doesn’t scare the animals away! If you’ve noticed one taking shelter in your home, give us a call!
by Amber A.
Jun 07, 2021 07:24:17 pm.

A Detached Dryer Vent Cover Allowed Norway Rats into a House in Hoover, Alabama
by Webmaster
Jun 02, 2021 09:36:45 am.

The rodents were on a mission this week! If they get in your house, we can help!
by Amber A.
May 28, 2021 06:45:33 pm.

Out and about in LaGrange Ga on snake calls. Give us a call for a free quote today.
by Jason Arruda
May 25, 2021 02:16:41 pm.

Hope everyone has a great weekend!
by Amber A.
May 21, 2021 06:06:17 pm.

We have a crew repairing the time-worn foundation of an old house in Birmingham, Alabama to keep Norway rats out of the crawl space. Time and weather take their toll upon homes; so a house that may have been rat proof ten years ago may not be today.
by Webmaster
May 20, 2021 11:17:48 am.

Happy Friday!! Hope everyone has a wonderful weekend!
by Amber A.
May 14, 2021 06:04:38 pm.

I think there was more animal activity outside then inside today! If they get in, we can get them out!
by Amber A.
May 13, 2021 06:10:20 pm.

Cooler weather coming in means the animals coming in! We can help! :)
by Amber A.
May 11, 2021 06:58:32 pm.

Roof Rats Gnawing on the Plumbing Flooded a House in Birmingham, Alabama
by Webmaster
May 11, 2021 10:11:16 am.

Here's What Happens When a Trainee Drops His Cell Phone Inside a Wall
by Webmaster
May 04, 2021 10:23:55 am.

What a Monday! Hope everyone stays safe out there!
by Amber A.
May 03, 2021 06:03:57 pm.

Happy Friday! I hope everyone has a fabulous weekend!
by Amber A.
Apr 30, 2021 06:13:44 pm.

A rat-removal team from our Birmingham office is trapping and removing roof rats from the attic of a house in Hoover, Alabama. They'll also rat-proof the house and repair the damage the rats did to the roof and attic.
by Webmaster
Apr 27, 2021 08:55:47 am.

Chris found rat droppings in the drop ceiling of a commercial building in Anniston, Alabama. We're sending a craw to non-chemically trap and remove the rats, and seal the roof of the building to rat-proof it.
by Webmaster
Apr 26, 2021 09:09:43 am.

The Birmingham, Alabama office of Rid-A-Critter provides non-chemical rat and mouse extermination in Birmingham, Alabama and the the entire Metro Birmingham area including Anniston, Bessemer, Brighton, Chelsea, Fairfield, Heflin, Homewood, Hoover, Hueytown, Irondale, Jasper, Leeds, Midfield, Moody, Mountain Brook, Oxford, Pell City, Trussville, Valdosta, Vestavia, Warrior, and their surrounding areas.

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